What is Rehab?
Rehab is short for rehabilitation and it is the process of helping an addict on the way to recovery from their addiction. Rehabilitation programmes are designed to offer professional support through the stages of recovery. Some rehabilitation centres will include detox as part of the programme; others will require you to have gone through detox before starting the rehabilitation. You can undertake an alcohol rehab programme either as an inpatient or outpatient.
Each person’s rehabilitation will vary according to the type and level of addiction, but in general, rehab will follow certain key steps.
When you first enter a rehab programme your addiction will be assessed, to enable the professionals to create a plan for the best approach to treatment for you. The programme will be determined by a number of factors including:
The amount of alcohol you drink
How long you have been drinking for
How it is affecting your life – physically, mentally, emotionally, socially, financially
Your medical history
Once your initial assessment has been done, a tailored treatment plan will be developed to meet your particular needs, based on your history and current circumstances.
This is the stage when you withdraw from alcohol, allowing your body to physically adapt to having no alcohol. You will suffer withdrawal symptoms at this stage and the detox may need to be medically supervised as, depending on the severity of your symptoms, this can often be life threatening.
Counselling & psychotherapy
This will usually be a combination of group and individual therapy. The aim of the counselling is to help the individual accept and recognise that they have a problem and explore ways in which this problem can be overcome. It will address any related mental health issues, identify unhelpful patterns of behaviour and help the person develop new strategies for creating lasting change.
The individual therapy will be focused on your particular needs and history, helping you to identify the causes of your addiction and your own personal triggers. The group therapy is designed to help you benefit from social connections and moral support of other people going through the same thing.
Learning new life skills
As part of your individual rehabilitation plan, you will be given a range of tasks to complete and training in new life skills. This might include analysing your feelings in response to the treatment you have received so far and being given new ways of managing your life, such as anger management, social and communication skills, time and money management, nutrition and fitness, social and leisure activities. You will be expected to implement these new skills in your everyday life.
Once you have completed your initial rehabilitation programme, it will be recommended that you join a local support group. After rehab, staying sober is a lifelong process and attending support group meetings will not only provide you with emotional support of others going through the same thing but it will also help you to avoid relapse.