Cocaine is a stimulant drug that is also addictive. Historically, people would chew coca leaves and experience the stimulant effect. However, in 2022, it’s much more purified – cocaine hydrochloride is taken from the plant. Cocaine was used frequently in the early 1900s as little was known about the addictive effects and dangerous health effects. It was even used in Coca Cola, and as a local anaesthetic to prevent pain. [i]
After cannabis/ marijuana, cocaine is the second most commonly used illegal drug. Cocaine can take different forms. One of the most common forms of cocaine is a fine white power – which is the result of purifying and drying raw cocaine hydrochloride.
However, cocaine can often be cut along the supply chain with other substances such as flour, vitamins, and cornstarch. [ii] People will either administer cocaine intranasally (snorting), orally, intravenously (injecting), or by inhalation. Oral use involves rubbing the cocaine onto their gums, whereas intravenous use involves dissolving the cocaine in water before injecting it. [iii]
Frequent cocaine use can lead to you developing cocaine dependence, and ultimately a cocaine addiction. This is something that we can help with at our many Help4Addiction treatment centres. Read on to learn more about cocaine addiction, cocaine rehab, and how we can help you.
What is a Cocaine Addiction?
Addiction is characterised by the lack of control over taking or using something (e.g cocaine), to the extent that it can cause physical or mental harm. Cocaine addiction (as well as other substance addictions) can negatively affect work life and relationships, as well as causing serious psychological and physical effects.
There are several risk factors for cocaine addiction – whether it be genetic factors or environmental factors. For example, spending time with other people that have addictions can increase the risk. Life events such as poverty, stress, and unemployment can also increase the risk of addiction. [iv]
Unlike heroin and other opioids, cocaine is a stimulant that makes cocaine users feel temporarily alert and energised by affecting the brain’s neural pathways. [v] This can leave you feeling energised, alert, chatty, and often euphoric. However, cocaine addiction can occur quickly, even after just a few uses.
With most addictions, including cocaine addictions, there is the physical addiction and the psychological addiction. Cocaine abuse can often lead to dependence, meaning that you’ll feel the need to take more and more to feel the same effect. Dependence, cocaine drug abuse and cocaine addiction can lead to you experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you haven’t used it in a while. See the ‘Detox and Withdrawal Symptoms’ section to learn more about cocaine withdrawal symptoms and cocaine detoxification.
Cocaine Addiction Symptoms
Cocaine use causes a release of dopamine in your brain, alerting your brain’s reward system. This allows neurotransmitters to build, stimulating your nerve cells which ultimately causes euphoric feelings. [vi] Although cocaine addiction can be difficult to spot at first, there are certain signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction – whether it be behavioural symptoms, physical symptoms, or psychological symptoms.
However, if you are struggling to stop, lower, or control your cocaine use, you need to take more cocaine to feel the same effect, or the thoughts of cocaine appear to be taking over, then you’re sure to benefit from cocaine rehab at one of our quality drug addiction treatment centres – and we recommend that you seek treatment for your cocaine addiction.
Some key signs of cocaine addiction may include:
- Increased energy
- Mood and behaviour changes (e.g mood swings)
- Stealing or lying to feed the drug addiction
- Blood pressure changes
- Unusual and unpredictable behaviour
- Craving cocaine
Frequent cocaine usage can alter your brain’s chemistry, making it difficult to sleep, think, and causing memory issues. It can also put you more at risk for stomach, lung, and heart issues, as well as many other long term effects.[vii]
Cocaine Drug Addiction Treatment
At Help4Addiction, we have a variety of cocaine addiction rehab treatment centres across England and Wales, so you’re sure to find an effective local cocaine addiction treatment with us. Our cocaine rehab programmes include detox, drug rehab, and effective aftercare. We also offer alcohol rehab to help you break alcohol addiction.
Treating cocaine addiction often involves outpatient treatment, although you may benefit from inpatient treatment instead (residential treatment). It can be difficult to break the cocaine dependency, which is why our addiction specialists will consider your mental health and any mental health issues you may be experiencing.
Detox and Withdrawal Symptoms
The first stage of cocaine addiction treatment is detoxing from the drug. It’s the stage at which the toxins leave your body – and it can be a long and difficult process. However, the process is sure to be more streamlined with the help of a Help4Addiction addiction professional.
You may choose to begin treatment for cocaine addiction with medical supervision – especially if it’s a long-term or particularly strong addiction. This means that you’ll have 24/7 medical assistance, which can be helpful when you’re experiencing unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
Detoxification is the stage before you complete cocaine addiction rehab and recovery. When going through detoxification, it’s recommended to have medical supervision. This is to monitor the withdrawal symptoms, as they can sometimes be rough and even dangerous.
Some typical cocaine withdrawal symptoms may include:
- Unpleasant dreams
- Slowed activity
You may experience intense cravings for cocaine when you begin detoxing, but this should become more bearable with time. However, depression and cravings may last for months after stopping heavy or long-term cocaine use. If this is the case, you may be offered residential rehabilitation. [viii]
When you have successfully completed the cocaine detoxification process, our addiction specialists will focus on cocaine rehab. This involves helping you to prevent further issues and building your strength and confidence.
Addiction therapy is an integral part of our cocaine addiction treatment programme. Many recovering cocaine addicts benefit from CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy). This can help you deal with mental health issues associated with addiction. This can help you identify your triggers and the reasons you have substance abuse issues. [ix]
Our goal at Help4Addiction is to prevent relapse, which is why we don’t just wave goodbye after you leave our cocaine rehab programme. Addiction recovery can be tough, so you may choose to undergo outpatient therapy – many recovering addicts will opt for further therapy and join group therapy sessions or support groups.
Contact us today to find out the different treatment options we offer you. As well as treating cocaine addiction and crack cocaine addiction, we can also help with other addictions.